GPS tracks, routes, trails, hikes

GPS tracks visualization and sharing, free and without registration.

Canada

Canada GPS tracks

Beryl Gaffney Park

Canada > Ontario > Ottawa

Rideau River. Jock River. #Hike #Run

Distance: 7.0 Km - Elevation gain: 89 m - Maximum elevation: 93 m - Coordinates: 45.24725 -75.72280 45.26461 -75.70371

Start: 25, Lockview Road, Manotick, Rideau-Goulbourn, Nepean, Ottawa, Eastern Ontario, Ontario, K4M 1A5, Canada (45.24725 -75.70413)

Bond Lake Loop

Canada > Ontario > Richmond Hill

Oak Ridges Corridor Conservation Reserve. #Hike #Run #Loop #OakRidgesCorridor

Distance: 2.7 Km - Elevation gain: 24 m - Maximum elevation: 315 m - Coordinates: 43.93190 -79.45321 43.93716 -79.44338

Start: 12605, Yonge Street, Jefferson, Oak Ridges, Richmond Hill, York Region, Golden Horseshoe, Ontario, L4E 0W5, Canada (43.93480 -79.45280)

Fort to Fort Trail

Canada > British Columbia > Township of Langley

Bedford Channel, Fraser River, Salmon River Natural Area, Derby Reach Regional Park. #Hike #DerbyReach

Distance: 7.8 Km - Elevation gain: 52 m - Maximum elevation: 28 m - Coordinates: 49.17046 -122.59394 49.19906 -122.57580

Start: A Quilted Stitch, Church Street, Fort Langley, Township of Langley, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, V1M 2S2, Canada (49.17046 -122.57580)

Spirea Loop Trail - Parsons Trail - Pacific Trail

Canada > British Columbia > Surrey

Surrey Bend Regional Park. #Hike #Run #Loop #SurreyBend

Distance: 4.3 Km - Elevation gain: 19 m - Maximum elevation: 21 m - Coordinates: 49.19177 -122.73473 49.20833 -122.72677

Start: 104 Avenue, Anniedale, Surrey, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, V4N 1Z4, Canada (49.19177 -122.72677)

Teodoro Trail

Canada > British Columbia > Area D (Sproat Lake)

Alberni Sproat Lake Woodlands. Vancouver Island. #Hike #Loop #Alberni #Sproat #Vancouver

Distance: 5.7 Km - Elevation gain: 339 m - Maximum elevation: 365 m - Coordinates: 49.28237 -125.00917 49.29459 -124.98787

Start: Area D (Sproat Lake), Alberni-Clayoquot Regional District, British Columbia, Canada (49.28727 -124.98787)

Heber Down Conservation Area Loop

Canada > Ontario > Whitby

#Hike #MTB #Run #Loop #HeberDown

Distance: 5.7 Km - Elevation gain: 97 m - Maximum elevation: 169 m - Coordinates: 43.92988 -78.98985 43.93837 -78.96567

Start: 5195, Ashburn Road, Brooklin, Whitby, Durham Region, Golden Horseshoe, Ontario, L1R 0J2, Canada (43.93569 -78.96567)

Acadia Beach - Tower Beach - Wreck Beach

Canada > British Columbia > University Endowment Lands

Pacific Spirit Regional Park. #Hike #Vancouver #PacificSpirit

Distance: 6.4 Km - Elevation gain: 215 m - Maximum elevation: 86 m - Coordinates: 49.26218 -123.26432 49.27962 -123.24151

Start: Northwest Marine Drive, University Endowment Lands, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, Canada (49.27935 -123.24176)

Jack Pine Trail - Beaver Trail - Chipmunk Trail

Canada > Ontario > Ottawa

#Hike #Loop

Distance: 6.7 Km - Elevation gain: 30 m - Maximum elevation: 123 m - Coordinates: 45.28411 -75.83030 45.30101 -75.80645

Start: Stony Swamp, Jack Pine Trail, College, Nepean, Ottawa, Eastern Ontario, Ontario, K2H 8A8, Canada (45.29348 -75.81505)

Hollyburn Peak

Canada > British Columbia > West Vancouver

Cypress Provincial Park. Capilano Watershed. #Hike #Snowshoes #Ski #Loop #Cypress #Capilano

Distance: 7.0 Km - Elevation gain: 424 m - Maximum elevation: 1,319 m - Coordinates: 49.37875 -123.19212 49.40063 -123.17873

Start: Altamont, West Vancouver, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, V7V 3G9, Canada (49.37910 -123.19212)

Manitou Mountain Lookout - Red Arrow Rock Outlook - Calabogie Lake

Canada > Ontario > Greater Madawaska

#Hike #Loop

Distance: 9.8 Km - Elevation gain: 369 m - Maximum elevation: 342 m - Coordinates: 45.25067 -76.78798 45.26579 -76.76787

Start: 348, Barrett Chute Road, Greater Madawaska, Renfrew County, Eastern Ontario, Ontario, K0J 1H0, Canada (45.26399 -76.77185)

Marl Lake Loop

Canada > Alberta

Peter Lougheed Provincial Park. #Hike #Snowshoes #Loop #PeterLougheed

Distance: 8.7 Km - Elevation gain: 91 m - Maximum elevation: 1,755 m - Coordinates: 50.63467 -115.11755 50.66066 -115.09597

Start: Wheeler, Kananaskis Improvement District, Alberta, Canada (50.63615 -115.10716)

Stanley Park Loop

Canada > British Columbia > Vancouver

Stanley Park. Stanley Park Seawall, Lost Lagoon, Ferguson Point, Siwash Rock Viewpoint, Prospect Point Lighthouse, Brockton Point Lighthouse. #Hike #Bike #Run #Loop #Stanley #Vancouver

Distance: 9.3 Km - Elevation gain: 360 m - Maximum elevation: 53 m - Coordinates: 49.29384 -123.15870 49.31394 -123.11676

Start: Stanley Park Seawall, Davie Village, Coal Harbour, Vancouver, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, Canada (49.29772 -123.13071)

Wedeln Run - Lowland Trail

Canada > Ontario > Hamilton > Christies Corner

Spencer Gorge Conservation Area. Christie Reservoir. #Hike #Loop #SpencerGorge

Distance: 2.9 Km - Elevation gain: 37 m - Maximum elevation: 266 m - Coordinates: 43.27521 -80.03306 43.28109 -80.02229

Start: Enchanted Forest, Christies Corner, Hamilton, Golden Horseshoe, Ontario, L9H 5E2, Canada (43.28071 -80.03174)

Black Mountain - Cabin Lake - Sam Lake - Theagill Lake

Canada > British Columbia > West Vancouver

Cypress Provincial Park. #Hike #Snowshoes #Ski #Loop #Cypress

Distance: 5.2 Km - Elevation gain: 351 m - Maximum elevation: 1,220 m - Coordinates: 49.38816 -123.22018 49.39787 -123.20442

Start: Cypress Creek Lodge, Ski Out, Sunset Beach, West Vancouver, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, Canada (49.39611 -123.20442)

Borer's Falls

Canada > Ontario > Hamilton

#Hike

Distance: 6.6 Km - Elevation gain: 139 m - Maximum elevation: 217 m - Coordinates: 43.29152 -79.93641 43.30752 -79.91156

Start: 1713, Highway 6, Burlington, Hamilton, Golden Horseshoe, Ontario, L9H 7H7, Canada (43.30744 -79.91156)

End: 1715, Highway 6, Burlington, Hamilton, Golden Horseshoe, Ontario, L9H 7H7, Canada (43.30747 -79.91162)

Wasaga Beach Provincial Park

Canada > Ontario > Wasaga Beach

#Hike #Snowshoes #Loop #WasagaBeach

Distance: 4.0 Km - Elevation gain: 17 m - Maximum elevation: 203 m - Coordinates: 44.50383 -80.01571 44.51713 -80.00844

Start: 101, Blueberry Trail, Stonebridge by the Bay, Wasaga Beach, Simcoe County, Central Ontario, Ontario, L9Z 2K1, Canada (44.51571 -80.01571)

Sword Fern Trail - Salish Trail

Canada > British Columbia > University Endowment Lands

Pacific Spirit Regional Park. #Hike #PacificSpirit #Vancouver

Distance: 4.7 Km - Elevation gain: 116 m - Maximum elevation: 121 m - Coordinates: 49.26221 -123.24371 49.27909 -123.23305

Start: Norma Rose Point School, Acadia Road, Child Care Services, University Endowment Lands, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, V6T 2E5, Canada (49.26221 -123.23305)

Sleeping Beauty Mountain Provincial Park

Canada > British Columbia

#Hike #MTB #SleepingBeautyMountain

Distance: 8.1 Km - Elevation gain: 626 m - Maximum elevation: 1,146 m - Coordinates: 54.58033 -128.76763 54.59068 -128.74226

Start: Regional District of Kitimat-Stikine, British Columbia, Canada (54.59027 -128.74235)

Kennedy Falls - Cedar Tree Trail

Canada > British Columbia > District of North Vancouver

Lynn Headwaters Regional Park. #Hike #LynnHeadwaters

Distance: 9.4 Km - Elevation gain: 443 m - Maximum elevation: 487 m - Coordinates: 49.35920 -123.04725 49.39462 -123.03513

Start: Roadside Attraction, Lynn Valley, District of North Vancouver, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, V7K 1L5, Canada (49.35920 -123.03536)

Pretty River Trail - Bruce Trail

Canada > Ontario > Grey Highlands

Pretty River Valley Provincial Park. #Hike #Snowshoes #Loop #PrettyRiverValley

Distance: 9.1 Km - Elevation gain: 280 m - Maximum elevation: 529 m - Coordinates: 44.42347 -80.29741 44.44677 -80.28299

Start: 635244, Pretty River Road, Grey Highlands, Grey County, Southwestern Ontario, Ontario, Canada (44.42366 -80.28862)

Bowen Lookout

Canada > British Columbia > West Vancouver

Cypress Creek. Yew Lake. Cypress Provincial Park. #Hike #Run #Loop #Cypress

Distance: 4.2 Km - Elevation gain: 203 m - Maximum elevation: 1,040 m - Coordinates: 49.39545 -123.21364 49.40649 -123.20395

Start: Lot 1A, Ski Out, Sunset Beach, West Vancouver, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, Canada (49.39545 -123.20395)

Etherington - Great Divide Trail

Canada > Alberta

#Hike #Loop #GDT

Distance: 45.6 Km - Elevation gain: 1,528 m - Maximum elevation: 2,345 m - Coordinates: 50.26550 -114.80491 50.33957 -114.60417

Start: Kananaskis Improvement District, Alberta, Canada (50.32749 -114.63255)

End: Etherington Creek Provincial Recreation Area, Loop B, Kananaskis Improvement District, Alberta, Canada (50.32741 -114.63207)

Goat Creek Trail

Canada > Alberta

Spray Valley Provincial Park. Banff National Park. #Hike #MTB #Snowshoes #Ski #SprayValley #Banff

Distance: 37.4 Km - Elevation gain: 679 m - Maximum elevation: 1,663 m - Coordinates: 51.06158 -115.56008 51.16120 -115.41846

Start: Goat Creek Trail (TCT), Kananaskis Improvement District, Alberta, T1W 2T6, Canada (51.06158 -115.41846)

Lynn Loop Trail - Headwaters Trail

Canada > British Columbia > District of North Vancouver

Lynn Headwaters Regional Park. #Hike #Loop #LynnHeadwaters

Distance: 14.3 Km - Elevation gain: 415 m - Maximum elevation: 436 m - Coordinates: 49.35922 -123.03671 49.41375 -123.02268

Start: Caretakers Building, Lynn Valley Road, Lynn Valley, District of North Vancouver, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, V7J 1Z1, Canada (49.36003 -123.02790)

Eaton Falls

Canada > Alberta

Sulphur Gates Provincial Recreation Area. Willmore Wilderness Park. Smoky River. #Hike #SulphurGates #Willmore

Distance: 7.1 Km - Elevation gain: 304 m - Maximum elevation: 1,073 m - Coordinates: 53.82509 -119.20680 53.84964 -119.18630

Start: Suplhur Gates Staging Area, Kvass Flats Trail, Municipal District of Greenview, Alberta, Canada (53.84964 -119.18637)

Christie Falls - Camas Ridge

Canada > British Columbia > Area H (North Oyster / Diamond)

#Hike

Distance: 12.4 Km - Elevation gain: 274 m - Maximum elevation: 172 m - Coordinates: 49.00430 -123.88643 49.02138 -123.84924

Start: 12464, Arroyo Road, Area H (North Oyster / Diamond), Cowichan Valley Regional District, British Columbia, V9G 1B7, Canada (49.01043 -123.85052)

End: Industrial Access Way, Area H (North Oyster / Diamond), Cowichan Valley Regional District, British Columbia, V9G 1B7, Canada (49.01107 -123.84962)

Mission Creek Greenway

Canada > British Columbia > Kelowna

Scenic Canyon Regional Park. #Hike #ScenicCanyon

Distance: 6.2 Km - Elevation gain: 194 m - Maximum elevation: 541 m - Coordinates: 49.83830 -119.37503 49.84826 -119.36048

Start: 3935, Gallagher's Parkway, Black Mountain, Kelowna, Regional District of Central Okanagan, British Columbia, V1X 7K5, Canada (49.83946 -119.36858)

Mono Cliffs Provincial Park Loop

Canada > Ontario > Mono

#Hike #MTB #Loop #MonoCliffs

Distance: 8.0 Km - Elevation gain: 154 m - Maximum elevation: 496 m - Coordinates: 44.02928 -80.08031 44.05049 -80.06212

Start: 794774, 3rd Line EHS, Violet Hill, Mono, Dufferin County, Central Ontario, Ontario, L9V 3J6, Canada (44.04664 -80.06212)

Dobson Hiking Trail - Laverty Falls

Canada > New Brunswick > Riverview

Fundy National Park. #Hike #Snowshoes #Fundy

Distance: 62.2 Km - Elevation gain: 1,084 m - Maximum elevation: 405 m - Coordinates: 45.65755 -65.01464 46.04217 -64.78676

Start: Dobson Trail, Pine Glen Road, Riverview, Coverdale Parish, Albert County, New Brunswick, E1B 5R6, Canada (46.04099 -64.78676)

End: Moosehorn, Fundy National Park, Alma Parish, Albert County, New Brunswick, Canada (45.65755 -65.01463)

Extension Ridge Trail Loop

Canada > British Columbia > Nanaimo

Vancouver Island. #Hike #MTB #Loop #Vancouver

Distance: 8.9 Km - Elevation gain: 223 m - Maximum elevation: 261 m - Coordinates: 49.10555 -123.97317 49.13323 -123.95159

Start: Harewood Mines Road, Harewood, Nanaimo, Regional District of Nanaimo, British Columbia, V9R 4A1, Canada (49.13323 -123.96913)

Sea Lion Caves

Canada > British Columbia > Juan de Fuca Electoral Area

Juan de Fuca Park. Vancouver Island. #Hike #JuanDeFuca #Vancouver

Distance: 5.7 Km - Elevation gain: 267 m - Maximum elevation: 207 m - Coordinates: 48.48341 -124.28843 48.49860 -124.27029

Start: West Coast Road, Rural Resource Lands, Juan de Fuca Electoral Area, Capital Regional District, British Columbia, Canada (48.49860 -124.27032)

Linley Valley Park

Canada > British Columbia > Nanaimo

Vancouver Island. #Hike #Run #Loop #LinleyValley #Vancouver

Distance: 4.4 Km - Elevation gain: 98 m - Maximum elevation: 191 m - Coordinates: 49.22219 -124.00532 49.22458 -123.98213

Start: Cottle Hill Tower Access Road, Uplands, Nanaimo, Regional District of Nanaimo, British Columbia, V9T 2R5, Canada (49.22406 -124.00532)

Orchard Trail

Canada > Ontario > Toronto

Rouge National Park. #Hike #Run #Loop #Rouge

Distance: 5.1 Km - Elevation gain: 78 m - Maximum elevation: 141 m - Coordinates: 43.81388 -79.17186 43.82634 -79.15314

Start: Twyn Rivers Drive, Rouge Park, Scarborough—Rouge Park, Scarborough, Toronto, Golden Horseshoe, Ontario, L1V 6M9, Canada (43.81419 -79.15370)

Watershed Park

Canada > British Columbia > Delta

#Hike #Bike

Distance: 2.6 Km - Elevation gain: 39 m - Maximum elevation: 92 m - Coordinates: 49.11551 -122.91503 49.11856 -122.89823

Start: Pinewood Trail, Sunshine Hills, Delta, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, V4E 3G3, Canada (49.11856 -122.91503)

Drummonds Walk

Canada > British Columbia > Burnaby

Barnet Marine Park. Burrard Inlet. #Hike #Run #Barnet

Distance: 3.6 Km - Elevation gain: 39 m - Maximum elevation: 30 m - Coordinates: 49.28953 -122.94357 49.29220 -122.92427

Start: Barnet Road, Barnet, Burnaby, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, V5A 1E7, Canada (49.28961 -122.92643)

Cranbrook Hill Greenway Trail

Canada > British Columbia > Prince George

#Hike #MTB #Snowshoes #Ski

Distance: 18.0 Km - Elevation gain: 179 m - Maximum elevation: 843 m - Coordinates: 53.88094 -122.90747 53.97055 -122.82121

Start: Greenway Trail, College Heights, Prince George, Regional District of Fraser-Fort George, British Columbia, V2M 5K7, Canada (53.88702 -122.82122)

End: 4213, Otway Road, Prince George, Regional District of Fraser-Fort George, British Columbia, V2M 6Y4, Canada (53.97055 -122.87338)

Bilberry Creek Ravine Loop

Canada > Ontario > Ottawa > Cumberland

#Hike #Snowshoes #Run #Loop

Distance: 1.9 Km - Elevation gain: 20 m - Maximum elevation: 93 m - Coordinates: 45.46309 -75.51173 45.46834 -75.50471

Start: 254, Wayside Court, Queenswood Heights, Orléans, Cumberland, Ottawa, Eastern Ontario, Ontario, K1E 2M9, Canada (45.46309 -75.50471)

Crystal Falls

Canada > British Columbia > Coquitlam

Coquitlam River Park. Pinecone Burke Provincial Park. #Hike #Coquitlam #PineconeBurke

Distance: 6.0 Km - Elevation gain: 146 m - Maximum elevation: 134 m - Coordinates: 49.29571 -122.77080 49.31861 -122.76583

Start: Karley Crescent, Burke Mountain, River Springs, Coquitlam, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, V3E 3A7, Canada (49.29571 -122.77071)

Stanley Park - Tatlow Walk - Lost Lagoon

Canada > British Columbia > Vancouver

#Hike #Run #Stanley #Vancouver

Distance: 3.1 Km - Elevation gain: 100 m - Maximum elevation: 59 m - Coordinates: 49.29729 -123.15599 49.30380 -123.13974

Start: Third Beach Parking Lot, Stanley Park Drive, Coal Harbour, Vancouver, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, Canada (49.30279 -123.15546)

Simcoe County Forest - Foster Tract

Canada > Ontario > Essa

#Hike #Loop

Distance: 3.9 Km - Elevation gain: 16 m - Maximum elevation: 233 m - Coordinates: 44.27069 -79.83142 44.27692 -79.82316

Start: 7493, 6th Line, Essa, Simcoe County, Central Ontario, Ontario, L0L 1N0, Canada (44.27255 -79.82320)

Bendor and Graves Tract - West Track

Canada > Ontario > East Gwillimbury

York Regional Forest. #Hike #MTB #Loop

Distance: 6.3 Km - Elevation gain: 92 m - Maximum elevation: 305 m - Coordinates: 44.08712 -79.36048 44.09807 -79.34773

Start: 18213, Kennedy Road, East Gwillimbury, York Region, Golden Horseshoe, Ontario, L3Y 4W1, Canada (44.08712 -79.35996)

Bow Falls Viewpoint

Canada > Alberta > Banff

Bow River. Banff National Park. #Hike #Banff

Distance: 2.7 Km - Elevation gain: 33 m - Maximum elevation: 1,391 m - Coordinates: 51.16551 -115.57114 51.17365 -115.55975

Start: Canadian Legion, Banff Avenue, Downtown District, Banff, Alberta, T1L 1C1, Canada (51.17359 -115.57114)

Mount Benson Trail

Canada > British Columbia > Area C (Arrowsmith-Benson)

Mount Benson Regional Park. #Hike #MountBenson

Distance: 3.5 Km - Elevation gain: 395 m - Maximum elevation: 689 m - Coordinates: 49.15806 -124.04833 49.16209 -124.03140

Start: Benson View Road, Area C (Arrowsmith-Benson), Regional District of Nanaimo, British Columbia, V9R 6W2, Canada (49.16209 -124.03140)

Lower Lynn Loop Trail

Canada > British Columbia > District of North Vancouver

Lynn Headwaters Regional Park. #Hike #Loop #LynnHeadwaters

Distance: 5.5 Km - Elevation gain: 256 m - Maximum elevation: 388 m - Coordinates: 49.35917 -123.03604 49.37640 -123.02256

Start: Operations Shop, Lynn Valley Road, Lynn Valley, District of North Vancouver, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, V7J 1Z1, Canada (49.35985 -123.02782)

End: Caretakers Building, Lynn Valley Road, Lynn Valley, District of North Vancouver, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, V7J 1Z1, Canada (49.35986 -123.02791)

Eagleridge Bluffs - Cabin Lake - Black Mountain

Canada > British Columbia > West Vancouver

Cypress Provincial Park. #Hike #Snowshoes #Loop

Distance: 8.6 Km - Elevation gain: 466 m - Maximum elevation: 1,206 m - Coordinates: 49.38280 -123.23425 49.39790 -123.20242

Start: Lot 2, Cypress Bowl Road, Westmount, West Vancouver, Metro Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia, V7V 3G9, Canada (49.39528 -123.20242)

Poland Lake

Canada > British Columbia

E.C. Manning Provincial Park. #Hike #ECManning

Distance: 14.5 Km - Elevation gain: 683 m - Maximum elevation: 1,852 m - Coordinates: 49.06824 -120.95516 49.09064 -120.89338

Start: Poland Lake Trail, Fraser Valley Regional District, British Columbia, Canada (49.06824 -120.89338)

Combers Beach

Canada > British Columbia > Area C (Long Beach)

Wickaninnish Bay. Pacific Rim National Park Reserve - Long Beach Unit. #Hike #Wickaninnish #PacificRim

Distance: 1.4 Km - Elevation gain: 89 m - Maximum elevation: 52 m - Coordinates: 49.05211 -125.72270 49.05432 -125.72145

Start: Green Point Campground, Pacific Rim Highway, Area C (Long Beach), Alberni-Clayoquot Regional District, British Columbia, Canada (49.05428 -125.72175)

Stromberg Falls

Canada > British Columbia

Texada Island. #Hike #Texada

Distance: 1.5 Km - Elevation gain: 70 m - Maximum elevation: 158 m - Coordinates: 49.59467 -124.35779 49.60040 -124.35580

Start: Shingle Beach Road, qathet Regional District, British Columbia, Canada (49.59468 -124.35750)

Rathtrevor Beach Park

Canada > British Columbia > Parksville

Vancouver Island. #Hike #Run #RathtrevorBeach #Vancouver

Distance: 4.3 Km - Elevation gain: 119 m - Maximum elevation: 38 m - Coordinates: 49.31522 -124.27540 49.32791 -124.26367

Start: Rathtrevor Beach Provincial Park, Ricos Lane, Parksville, Regional District of Nanaimo, British Columbia, V9P 2E2, Canada (49.32118 -124.26548)

End: Rathtrevor Beach Provincial Park, Shorewood Drive, Area G (Mid-Oceanside), Regional District of Nanaimo, British Columbia, V9P 1T6, Canada (49.32118 -124.26548)

Warbler Woods Loop

Canada > Ontario > London

#Hike #Run #Loop #Warbler

Distance: 1.8 Km - Elevation gain: 46 m - Maximum elevation: 305 m - Coordinates: 42.95875 -81.35544 42.96542 -81.35233

Start: 1618, Commissioners Road West, London, Southwestern Ontario, Ontario, N6K 0B4, Canada (42.96542 -81.35280)

Other places

, , , , , , , , , , , .